June was an interesting month in the capital markets. The S&P 500 rose ever so slightly, but the rest of the world was experiencing bigger moves. The yuan is experiencing one of its biggest sell-offs in years, which is also pressuring other emerging market currencies. This in turn is prompting stock selloffs and rising yields. Foreign stock markets, both developed and developing, have largely posted losses for the year. Fears of a trade war are only adding to the problem. Short term rates continue to edge upwards in the U.S., and stock market liquidity has become increasingly shallow as traders lack conviction in either direction. Eyes now turn to corporate profits and GDP numbers to fuel further price gains.
The U.S. stock market edged upwards in June. However, many foreign indexes continued to sell off, and bonds also posted small losses. Inflation is continuing to get a small bump from rising energy prices, while core inflation (price gains excluding volatile food and energy numbers) remains below the Fed’s long-term target. By the numbers:
Oil prices jumped over 8% in June on news of continued inventory declines around the world. For the year they are up almost 20%. President Trump has publicly commented on rising gas prices, putting pressure on OPEC to increase production, but so far the oil cartel has made no official changes. The safe haven of gold, which is a non-interest-bearing investment, usually struggles in a rising rate environment, and this time is no different. The yellow metal fell 3.75% in June and is down just over 4% year-to-date. Rising rates and struggling foreign stock markets are also positive for the dollar. The dollar index inched up again in June, by 0.69%, and is up 2.73% year-to-date.
The ISM Manufacturing PMI in June was 60.2%, a bit higher than the May reading, and still showing strong economic expansion. The non-manufacturing, or services, index came in at 58.7%, also showing continued strong expansion. The Commerce Department released its final estimate of first quarter growth, with a slight upward revision to a 2.2% annual growth rate.
The National Association of Realtors reports that existing-home sales in June were 0.6% lower than in May, and are 2.2% lower than they were a year ago. The median home price rose 5.2% to $276,900 from a year ago. Median home prices are now at an all time high, and have been rising for the past 76 months. The average 30-year mortgage rate in May was 4.57%, down slightly from the 7-year high of 4.59% attained the previous month. Distressed sales (foreclosures and short-sales) were 3% of total sales in June.
The current Fed tightening cycle officially began on December 17th, 2015, when the FOMC raised rates from 0% to 0.25%. It was an ever-so-small step, and they didn’t take another step for another year, when they increased again from 0.25% to 0.5% in December 2016. However, in 2017 they moved more quickly, ending the year at 1.25%, and today the Effective Fed Funds rate is at 1.75% and climbing. The relationship between the Fed Funds rate and the stock market is not clear-cut, but this graph shows several decades of data:
Both major stock market crashes in recent memory (the late-90’s dot-com bubble and the housing-fueled bubble of 2008) were preceded by a period of rising rates. But the data also shows this isn’t always cause-and-effect. Rising rates in both the 80’s and earlier in the 90’s coincided with a rising stock market. From an investing perspective, we could talk ad nauseam about differences and similarities between then and now. Some argue rising rates are ultimately good for stocks, others argue the opposite. There is the additional wrinkle of significant tax cuts during this round of tightening. When Clinton cut taxes for individuals, by slashing the capital gains tax, this led to a roaring stock market. It isn’t clear that corporate tax cuts will have the same effect – but perhaps they will.
Still, we know that there is a finite amount of capital in the global system, and stocks and bonds are somewhat in competition with each other. When stock valuations and P/E ratios are at historic highs, as they are today, it does seem to make sense that rising rates pose more of a threat to the stock market. No surprise, then, that the S&P 500 is barely positive for the year, and many other stock markets are in negative territory. From the perspective of long-term retirement income, it seems prudent to have a little less exposure to stocks, rather than a little more, as the Fed signals increased tightening over the coming year.
And as always, please feel free to forward this to friends and family.
www.standardandpoors.com – S&P 500 information
www.msci.com – MSCI EAFE information
www.barcap.com – Barclays Aggregate Bond information
www.bloomberg.com – U.S. Dollar & commodities performance
www.realtor.org – Housing market data
www.bea.gov – GDP numbers
www.bls.gov – CPI and unemployment numbers
www.commerce.gov – Consumer spending data
www.napm.org – PMI numbers
www.bigcharts.com – NYMEX crude prices, gold and other commodities
www.loringward.com/blog/fear-the-fed/ – Chart depicting Fed Funds rate and S&P 500
Copyright © 2018 Fiat Wealth Management | Website built by Me & Riz LLC | Admin Login